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Show Name: Northwoods Poultry Fanciers Club Show
Meet Type: Club
Show Start - End Dates:   9/3/2022
Host Club:   Northwoods Poultry Fanciers Club
Show Facility:  Wisconsin Valley Fairgrounds
Show Address:  1201 Stewart Ave
Show City, St, Zip:  Wausau, WI 54401
Show Secretary: Zach Wrzesinski
Show Secretary's Email:    northwoodspoultryfanciersclub@gmail.com
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Housing, Health & Hatching / Re: Cabinet Incubators
« Last post by Paul on June 25, 2022, 11:27:11 AM »
  I recommend not changing the GQF wafer thermostat.  We changed ours to electronic thermostats when they first came out.  They worked great for several years then started failing.  Changed out the bad ones several times.  The last new ones were junk from day one!  Long story short, we borrowed one that had not been altered so we could change ours back to the old time wafers.  The wafer thermostats have done a great job the past two hatching seasons.

  You may have the vents at the bottom not opened enough to allow the warm air to circulate enough.
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Breeding / Feather sexing in poultry
« Last post by Lindsay Helton on June 11, 2022, 09:23:10 PM »
I have come across several posts from Ameraucana breeders asking if their chicks can be feather sexed. Feather sexing using sex-linked genes related to feather development is a widely used chick sexing method in the poultry industry. In order for feather sexing to be accurate, it must be specifically bred for and involves controlled matings and selection.

In poultry, females carry a Z and a W chromosome and males carry two Z chromosomes. It takes a pair of sex-related chromosomes to determine the sex of the offspring. The mother contributes one sex chromosome to the offspring, and the father contributes the other. It is the female, therefore, that genetically determines the sex of offspring in poultry.

The locus of the feather development gene (K) is located on the Z chromosome.  A feather sexing line can be created in poultry from using early-feathering (k) and late-feathering (K) genes.

By establishing maternal stock with the dominant gene (K) and paternal stock with the recessive gene (k), the slow-feathering characteristic is passed from mothers to their sons and the rapid-feathering characteristic is passed from fathers to their daughters. The males produced typically have shorter primary feathers than the females.  In the females, the covert feathers are shorter than the primary feathers. In the males, the covert feathers are as long as, or longer than, the primary feathers.

Somes (1970) reported on a third allele (Kn) at the K locus. This allele is dominant to both K and k and results in an extremely delayed feathering.
A scientific study completed in 1977 identified a fourth allele at the K locus. The new allele was found to be dominant to late feathering (K) and to early feathering (k). The term “slow” was suggested and it was labeled with the symbol KS (McGibbon, 1977).

The probable order of dominance of the alleles at the K locus is KN→KS→K→k.

Several scientific studies have been completed to assess the effects of the K alleles.

A study in 2012 found that the presence of slow feathering was connected with lower fertility and hatchability. Presence of slow feathering also resulted in lower body weight of birds at 36 weeks of age (Sohn et al, 2012).

A study completed in 1961 found that the k allele was associated with bigger chicks at hatch (Saeki et al, 1961).

A study completed in 1965 associated early maturity and larger eggs with the k allele (Lowe et al, 1965).

The influence of the sex-linked rate of feathering allele, Kn, was compared to that of birds carrying the k allele in a study completed in 1970. The Kn allele was associated with reduced body weight, egg production, hatchability and liveability compared to birds carrying the k allele. It also increased age to maturity (Somes, 1970).

Hopefully this educational post will be helpful to breeders that are curious about feather sexing, the K locus, and the effects of the various K alleles!

Bang, M. H., Cho, E. J., Cho, C. Y., & Sohn, S. H. (2018, September). Study on the Characteristics of Feather Developing Pattern and Morphology in Early- and Late-Feathering Korean Native Chickens. Korean Journal of Poultry Science. The Korean Society of Poultry Science.

H. Cerit & K. Avanus (2007) Sex identification in avian species using DNA typing methods, World's Poultry Science Journal, 63:1, 91-100.

Jacob, J. 2016. Sexing Day-old Chicks on Small and Backyard Flocks.  Kwon, J. H., Choi, E. S., & Sohn, S. H. (2021, March). Establishment of Korean Native Chicken Auto-Sexing Lines Using Sex-Linked Feathering Gene. Korean Journal of Poultry Science. The Korean Society of Poultry Science.

Lowe, P. C , S. P. Wilson and R. B. Harrington, 1965. Association of some qualitative and quantitative traits in chickens. Poultry Sci. 44: 106-112  McGibbon, W.H. A Sex-Linked Mutation Affecting Rate of Feathering in Chickens, Poultry Science, Volume 56, Issue 3, 1977, Pages 872-875, ISSN 0032-5791.

Mincheva N, Lalev M, Oblakova M, Hristakieva P, Ivanova I 2012 Effect of feathering alleles (K/k+) on laying performance, hatchability parameters and some body measurements in two lines of white Plymouth Rock hens. Biotechnol Anim Husb 28(3):405-414.

Saeki, Y., and T. Katsuragi, 1961. Effect of early and late feathering gene on growth on New Hampshire, Leghorns and their crossbreds. Poultry Sci. 40: 1612-1616.  Sohn, S.-H., Park, D.-B., Song, H.-R., Cho, E.-J., Kang, B.-S., & Suh, O.-S. (2012, August 31). Genotype Frequencies of the Sex-Linked Feathering and Their Phenotypes in Domestic Chicken Breeds for the Establishment of Auto-Sexing Strains. Journal of Animal Science and Technology. Springer Science and Business Media LLC.

Somes, R.G. The Influence of the Rate of Feathering Allele Kn on Various Quantitative Traits in Chickens, Poultry Science, Volume 49, Issue 5, 1970, Pages 1251-1256, ISSN 0032-5791.
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Housing, Health & Hatching / Re: Cabinet Incubators
« Last post by far149 on June 10, 2022, 05:44:16 PM »
Each week I move a tray down one turner and rotate it. This does help.
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Housing, Health & Hatching / Re: Cabinet Incubators
« Last post by kkdossey on June 10, 2022, 11:15:28 AM »
My old incubator works pretty well with no modifications.
I might try moving them around some like if you candle them or something.
To try to even it out over time at least.
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Housing, Health & Hatching / Re: Cabinet Incubators
« Last post by Lindsay Helton on June 09, 2022, 07:12:31 PM »
Aaron,

You may want to speak with Brad Stonebarger. I noticed that he is listing a cabinet style incubator for sale that he has made modifications to. He may be able to offer insight.

I personally love my GQF sportsman. The temps are stable and I have not made any modifications. My hatch rates have been good.
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Housing, Health & Hatching / Cabinet Incubators
« Last post by far149 on June 09, 2022, 06:32:51 PM »
Now that hatching season is over for me, I'm considering modifying my GQF 1502. Cabinet incubators typically do not have a uniform temperature throughout the unit. This causes hot and cold spots in various places inside the incubator.

Those of you who use this type of incubator, I have the following questions:
Have uneven temperatures affected your hatch rates?
What modifications, if any, have you made to your cabinet incubator?
Are there brands of cabinets that provide a more even temperature than GQFs?

Thanks in advance.
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Ameraucana Marketplace / Re: Black bantam hen
« Last post by kkdossey on June 01, 2022, 04:33:56 PM »
Looking good!
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Ameraucana Marketplace / Re: Black bantam hen
« Last post by Lindsay Helton on May 30, 2022, 11:56:54 AM »
Very nice!
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Ameraucana Marketplace / Black bantam hen
« Last post by Husker2055 on May 30, 2022, 11:07:12 AM »
Black bantam hen available
2021 hatch , local pick up only
Council Hill Oklahoma
918-577-8803
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